Belgian bus company knows solution for car parking problems

Monday, May 21, 2007 

Do you have a hard time finding a parking space? Take the bus or tram if you go to the city. That’s the message Belgian bus company De Lijn (The Line) is sending to promote public transport as a solution for car parking problems. As a part of their media campaign, they have jokingly suggested that people use the top of the busses as parking space.

Another idea they are using in their media campaign: maybe you could park your car on the bottom of a canal? The bus company is using an invented diving company called Cardive, which has divers that offer to dump your car in the canal. The divers walk around in cities and hand out free bus tickets and maps of the bus network.

To reach car drivers who are not using public transport, the media campaign has several radio commercials that present other solutions to the car parking problem. You could use “asphalt-spray” to camouflage your car, making it invisible for policemen (although you then need to remember where you’ve parked). Or you could use the “flat tire kit”, which comes with a fake flat tire and an inflatable dummy, so it looks like you’re replacing your flat tire. The final idea the bus company has is to use a View-Master to fool parking guards into believing that your car has been stationed correctly.

A survey among 4000 customers of De Lijn shows that two out of three car owners who use public transport, do so to avoid parking space troubles, and in cities this percentage rises to 90%. The survey further shows that 39% use the bus to go shopping.

During the month of May, the auto-bus and the divers tour several cities in Flanders (Leuven, Hasselt, Ghent, Bruges and Antwerp).

Press Release: “Vermijd parkeerproblemen met De Lijn!” — De Lijn, May 19, 2007 (Dutch)

Car bomb defused in central London

Friday, June 29, 2007 

A car containing an large explosive device has been defused in the Haymarket, London. A second device was later found in a car park in Park Lane.

A car, a light metallic green Mercedes-Benz E Class saloon (produced 1984-1995), parked near the nightclub ‘TigerTiger’, contained petrol, gas cylinders and nails. Police described it as a “potentially viable explosive device”.

Police carried out a controlled explosion at 2:00 a.m. BST and the car has been taken to a forensic explosives laboratory for further investigation.

Eyewitnesses saw the car driving “erratically” and colliding with bins before being abandoned. An ambulance crew in the area alerted police after seeing smoke inside the car.

Deputy Assistant Police Commissioner Peter Clarke said there could have been “significant injury or loss of life”.

A meeting of COBRA, chaired by new Home Secretary Jacqui Smith was held about the incident.

Police say it is too early to tell who is behind the threat. Prime Minister Gordon Brown said the country faces a “serious and continued security threat” and urged people to “be vigilant at all times”.

Disruption has been caused to transport in the area with roads closed and bus routes diverted. Piccadilly Circus tube station has reopened after an earlier closure

Police are reviewing major events to be held in London over the weekend.

CBS News has reported that a message appeared on the widely used jihadist Internet forum Al-Hesbah at 8:09 a.m. June 28, saying: “Today I say: Rejoice, by Allah, London shall be bombed.” The message went on to mention the recently announced knighthood of Satanic Verses author Salman Rushdie.

Following an incident at Glasgow airport, Home Secretary Jacqui Smith announced the elevation of the UK’s national threat level from “Severe” to “Critical”, indicating that an attack could be expected “imminently”.

Two people have been arrested in Cheshire in connection with the Glasgow International Airport attack and attempted London car bombings.

Park Lane was closed to the public due to a suspicious car parked in the underground car park beneath Hyde Park. Police, who believed the two incidents to be linked, cordoned off Park Lane and Hyde Park to allow the bomb disposal unit access to the vehicle. The car was illegally parked on Cockspur Street and was towed to the pound on Park Lane, it was then discovered that the car contained an explosive device.

Four people shot in parking lot of Wal-Mart store north of Austin, Texas

Wednesday, August 22, 2012 

Witnesses heard gunshots in a Wal-Mart parking lot in Cedar Park, Texas, near Highway 183, on Sunday morning. Police arrested eighteen year-old Soloman Onwukaife at the scene. Four, including the gunman who had facial wounds unrelated to the shooting, are being treated for injuries after the incident. A fifth victim has been released.

Cedar Park Police Captain Mike Harmon said authorities arrived at the parking lot around 4:30 AM local time. There they arrested Onwukaife, who has been charged with aggravated assault with a deadly weapon. The Cedar Park Wal-Mart was closed down briefly on Sunday morning; however, no staff or customers were injured.

Police have released the names of the victims, eighteen-year-old Cody McGrath, nineteen-year-old Shayne Davis, nineteen-year-old Zacharia Gietl and 22-year-old Leland McGlocklin. As-of Monday, Gietl has been released from hospital whilst the others remain in critical, but stable, condition. Police informed media the incident occurred follwing a dispute which began at a nearby party where alcohol was being served. After moving the fight to the parking lot, Onwukaife is alleged to have shot the four victims.

Onwukaife was expected to be released on Monday, after which he would immediately be jailed. Police advised media the investigation is on-going and more charges may still be filed. Specifically, Police are trying to determine if any other participants in the fight were armed.

How To Become A Forex Signal Provider

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Submitted by: Todd Goldizen

When you become a Forex signal provider, you don’t need to have a huge amount of starting capital to be able to make thousands of dollars in trading profits every month. You can literally start out with a demo trading account and risk no money of your own, while earning anywhere between $100 up to $1 million per month just by performing well as a trader.

Sounds a little too good to be true? That’s what I thought too, until I discovered a service called ZuluTrade. ZuluTrade is an online service that allows people all around the world to pick and choose signal providers to follow, and these signal providers make a commission for every trade they make. Obviously, if you’re a good trader with a solid consistent performance every month, you’re going to be an attractive proposition for many people to follow, which ultimately means more commissions for you. But what if you aren’t at that level yet? Is there a way to become a Forex signal provider making big commissions even if you’re not a super trader yourself?

Absolutely! There’s another way that you can become a Forex signal provider without being a super Forex trader, and that’s by putting together a portfolio of Forex robots that will do the trading for you. Many people are already doing this and profiting as they rise to the top of the ZuluTrade rankings, and they’re doing this by applying some very simple steps that even someone who doesn’t know programming or systems development can do as well. So do yourself a favor and find out just how you can tap into this goldmine of Forex trading profits before it’s too late.

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How To Become A Forex Signal Provider The Easy Way

So can you become a Forex signal provider by just throwing a few systems together? Well, you could, but chances are you wouldn’t get many followers and therefore not earn the kind of money that you should. The problem is that most automated Forex trading systems on their default settings are typically high risk, high reward type setups. Sure, it feels good to double your money at the end of the month, but most people don’t have the stomach for the 50% drawdowns in between, meaning that your followers aren’t going to stick around for long. You can overcome this issue by smoothing out the curves so that your followers will get a nice, slow ride of growth, which believe it or not is what 90% of people out there look for in a Forex signal provider.

This smoothing over the curves and providing a comfortable balance of risk and return for your followers can be achieved with a simple process of back testing and optimization, which is easily done with the Metatrader Strategy Tester that comes bundled free with your Metatrader 4 installation. With the right knowhow, you can tweak any system to provide optimum profits with the least risk, and even combine a few systems together to further minimize risk using the principle of diversification. You can easily provide a nice healthy double digit return from a portfolio of automated Forex trading systems using this free tool that will attract a swarm of ZuluTrade followers beating a path to “copy” your trades and earn you a healthy commission.

A Simple Shortcut To Become A Forex Signal Provider With This Method

Right now you’re probably thinking, that all sounds great in theory, but you don’t know how to optimize systems and combine them to become an attractive portfolio that will attract hundreds or even thousands of followers on ZuluTrade. Well, the good news is that you don’t have to be a programming whiz or a computer scientist to do it! Even if you’ve never done it before, you can learn everything you need to know from start to finish from the Guide To Getting Rich With Forex Robots’ “Metatrader Back Testing & Optimization Course”. This course is specifically designed for people who want to become a Forex signal provider, so it’s perfect for setting you up with your own five figure monthly business helping other people make safe, consistent returns by following your recommendations.

Don’t just take my word for it, you can check out the Guide To Getting Rich With Forex Robots’ “Metatrader Back Testing & Optimization Course” for yourself and see that they are the real deal. They’ve even created a unique report that shows you an actual live case study of someone who pursued his dream to become a Forex signal provider and is now earning $20,000 to $50,000 a month. There’s nothing stopping you from doing the same, so grab this opportunity to create your own money making machine today!

About the Author: For more information please visit

Divisa Capital LP (“DCFX”) is an investment house that provides spot foreign exchange trading services to a diversified client base that ranges from financial institutions through to private individuals.


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Before You Buy The Basics Of Laminate Flooring

By Christopher Smith

It doesn’t matter if you are building a new house or simply replacing the floors in an existing structure, laminate flooring is a wonderful option for almost any dcor. In addition to being cost effective and budget friendly, these floors are also very attractive and easy to clean. The problem lies in choosing the right laminate floors for most homeowners. Below you will find some suggestions relating to price, features, and style that may assist you as you make this important decision.

When it comes to laminate flooring, there are choices that range from the outrageously inspired to the more traditional inclination, and deciding on the type of ambiance that you wish to create is the first thing you will need to do. Laminate flooring will often have the appearance of wood grain which achieves a more authentic look. There is no doubt that you will be able to match the flooring with almost any other interior furnishing. As well, laminate flooring is available with the appearance of stone and marble for a more conventional aspect, giving even more home decor options.

When selection the perfect laminate flooring for your room, you should bear in mind the shape and size of the room. For instance, when installing in a small or short room you can add wooden laminates that will lend the appearance of giving the room more depth or length. On the other hand, to achieve the essence of grandeur while using a very small number of furniture pieces, you can achieve a more elegant setting by using marble flooring.

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Since you want to insure that you are able to enjoy your new floors for quite some time, you should research the known reliability and warranty of any particular flooring you are considering for installation. While you want an attractive surface, you may also want to consider making sure the laminate is water resistant. The backing should have the strength to withstand regular foot traffic, so look for a clear sheet of aluminum oxide that supports against stain resistance, as well as a resin filled layer that to provide strength to the floor as it makes the surface less vulnerable to stains, scratches or burns.

When it comes to flooring, cost is another important issue. Luckily, laminate flooring offers some of the most eye-catching choices at budget friendly prices. You should continue shopping around for the perfect flooring to complement your home. Then once you have made a decision as to your favorite flooring design you will want to go about comparing the prices from different suppliers. Keep an eye out for installation bargains that may be offered instead of a discount on the purchase of the actual flooring materials. A little bit here and there will make a big overall difference in price for your flooring needs.

My favorite thing about laminate flooring is the fact that it is easy to clean and can be used immediately after installation. There are many floors that must be allowed to set before you can walk on them or use them very much at all. Laminate is ready to wear so to speak and user friendly. If you are considering laminate floors for your home be sure to check out your local home improvement stores as well as sites online that specialize in laminate flooring to see many of the available styles that are available.

About the Author: For more information on hardwood and laminate flooring, visit us at



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It S Really Hard To Have A Consistent Everyday Living Using A Regular Ringing In Ears, I M Below That May Help You Get Rid Of This, Fast

Submitted by: Rajeshke Rmaipali

Anti anxiety/anti depressant medications – these medications get you to less conscious of the ringing in ears preventing from stressing around the problem.

Masking devices that block out the sound of the ringing in ears with “white noise”.

Avoid caffeine considering that it only gives you feel more anxious this means you will actually worsen symptoms.

Avoid continual make use of antibiotics and aspirin medications.

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Avoid situations where you can get exposure to noise as further tinnitus could make your ringing in ears worse – wear earplugs/muffs unsuitable for your needs and do not play loud music in your own car or in a confined space.

In case you keep to the above approaches for treatments that you need to follow to counter ringing in ears you may be on track to enhancing your ringing in ears with your life. Accepting which are the situation is amongst the steps it’s best to take order for locate a cure for ringing in ears. Don’t get me wrong, Actually , i know that ringing in ears isn’t mentally but there are a selection of ingredients that you can do to mask and disregard the sounds. One example is if you suffer from ringing in ears and they are really bothered by ringing inside head begin your bathroom and turn the faucet on.

When that water is running that you do not hear the ringing as part of your ear do you really? Therefore relief from ringing in ears is merely that – distraction. Find methods of distract yourself as part of your day-to-day life and you may hardly see the ringing in ears. Never allow the infection discover the better individuals.

Want more details with a fellow ringing in ears sufferer in search of the best cures and information on the globe? Join me when i appears to Help For ringing in ears Now and actively works to silence the noise.

Precisely what is ringing in ears?

Did you know about 10% of ringing in ears cases are triggered by anxiety and stress? About 3 Million Americans and almost 2million Europeans have ringing in ears being an offshoot associated with a really stressful lifestyle.

Stress and ringing in ears are two inter-related conditions that both can cause arsenic intoxication another and both can trigger and exacerbate the circumstances.

inging in ears may be a condition wherein one perceives looks like hissing, ringing, buzzing and clashing even without worrying about presence of external noise. Quite often the noises because of a single one or both ears and can sometimes be regarded as emanating in the head. As such, ringing in ears is also called “head noises.”

As being the condition is actually a manifestation of an underlying health condition, ringing in ears is alleged being as a result of circulatory, metabolic and coronary problems like high blood pressure, diabetes and coronary disease respectively. The infection can be a result of hearing problems thanks to impacted ear drums and ear infection. In addition, the ringing during the ears are usually triggered by an intake of high dosage anti-biotics and anti-malarial medications often called “Ototoxic” Medications.

The above mentined medical problems in addition to a stressful lifestyle, riddled with emotional potholes, anxiety and perhaps paranoia, ringing in ears might be magnified and heightened.

inging in ears AND STRESS

About the Author: Hi everyone, I ve suffered with very severe ringing in ears for just a number of years, but thankfully I got gone it, I ll inform you of the things I ve done.


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Eclectic Florida Shopping Caters To Student Tours

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By Dave Knapp

Educational travel combines elements such as adventure, cultural encounters, and learning experiences to open students’ minds to new opportunities. Travel provides an element of learning totally unique from the classroom. But let’s be honest, while on an extended tour students also need some leisure time, shopping and entertainment to fit the bill. Not only is shopping most teenagers’ favorite pastime, it’s also a great way to experience a locale, such as Orlando, Florida. Here, student tours are treated to exciting shopping/entertainment complexes that offer hours of fun.

Universal CityWalk is a 30-acre hot spot for entertainment, shopping and dining. It includes everything from memorabilia at The Universal Studios Store to the latest teen apparel at Fossil. For a quick snack, students can head to TCBY, Starbucks Coffee, or Cinnabon.

When it comes to dining, the CityWalk has great restaurants such as the Hard Rock Cafe, NBA City, or Bubba Gump Shrimp Co. After dinner, groups can catch a performance by the Blue Man Group at Universal Orlando Resort. For those interested in movies, the 20-theater AMC Universal Complex features first-run movies and stadium seating. Finally on select dates, students can hit one of Orlando’s hottest dance floors on Teen Night at “The Groove”

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Located in Kissimmee, Old Town is a unique shopping and entertainment complex. The stores along Old Town’s brick-lined streets feature a variety of specialty shops, including an old-fashioned general store, souvenir and collectible shops, and clothing boutiques. The stores not only offer shopping, but opportunities for students to have an old-time portrait taken, learn how to pull taffy, or visit the petrified rock forest.

Old Town also offers a number of amusement rides, including the new Super Shot. This thrilling ride slowly creeps its way up to 150 feet in the air and then shoots riders down in one full drop. The Old Town Slingshot catapults riders up 363 feet into the air.

Old Town has student friendly eateries offering up American fare, pizza, or British-style fish and chips. Every night at 7:30 p.m., live entertainment is enjoyed from the Old Town main stage.

Designed to reflect the tropical weather of central Florida, Pointe Orlando is a 17-acre shopping and entertainment complex with more than 60 stores, numerous restaurants, and attractions. Student tours enjoy the brightly colored buildings, towering palm trees, and outdoor plazas, complete with benches and fountains, where musicians and jugglers can often be seen performing. Shoppers indulge at Disney Worldport, Magnetville USA, and FAO Schwartz, where a 33-foot Raggedy Ann sits at the entrance to the store. For non-shoppers in the group, Pointe Orlando also offers an IMAX 3-D theater and WonderWorks. Wonderworks features virtual reality experiences and simulations of natural disasters. Johnny Rockets, B.B. King’s Blues Club, and Tommy Bahama’s Tropical Caf and Emporium top the list of dining options.

The world’s most famous surf shop, Ron Jon’s Surf Shop was first begun in 1959 in New Jersey by Ron DiMenna, who was just discovering the sport of surfing with fiberglass surfboards. When he headed to Cocoa Beach several years later, the Ron Jon Surf Shop really took off. Today, it has grown into a world-famous surfing mecca. The Cocoa Beach store encompasses more than two acres, overflowing with surfwear, sportswear, and beach gear. The store also features an indoor waterfall and a glass elevator. Students enjoy purchasing a Ron Jon’s logo t-shirt one of the shop’s most popular souvenirs. The store is open 24 hours a day.

At Downtown Disney Marketplace, students head to the World of Disney Store for the ultimate interactive shopping experience. Every corner bursts with fun-filled goodies and unique gifts. Two expansive floors at the Virgin Megastore feature the latest movies, music, and books. At Arribas Brothers, student groups discover the age-old art of glass blowing from European artists. Other highlights of Downtown Disney include Planet Hollywood on Location, the Rainforest Cafe Shop, and Orlando Harley Davidson.

About the Author:

travel adventures

Travel Adventures is a student tour provider staffed by educators who understand the needs of teachers. It has served over one half million students since 1987 and its mission is to empower teachers to create change by expanding the classroom to the world.


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Dream Board A Simple Application Of The Law Of Attraction

Submitted by: Sharon Clara

A dream board, also named a vision board, is a way for people to create a picture of dreams that people have and want to come true. Every people have a dream or idea that they want to achieve in life. By planning it, writing down each short-term plans, and make it a motivation or reminder whenever they are lost. It is an application of the law of attraction.

The law of attraction simply says that you can get what you believe in. You must ever hear of many stories on how people applied the principle into their life and experienced immediate changes in their life or work, or achieve financial freedom.

It is easy to make a dream board-make it by yourself or through some software like Envision Your Best Life. All you have to do is to prepare a computer with internet access. You can put pictures or words on your dream board represent things that you want in life. Then display the board where you can see it every day.

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If you want to make it on hand, you need to prepare all of these: a large piece of paper, scissors, glue stick, colorful markers, photos, magazines containing your favorite pictures in it, and double-stick tape.

1.Make a list of things you want in your life and make a picture collage away from it. teach your kids how to make one too. Or let them teach you. include things, relationships, connections, people, God, feelings, etc.

2.Go via your magazines and cut out any random pictures that appeal to you. The magazines you prepare should be in various types, covering all the topics that you simply are interested in. allow your mind to wander and follow your instinct. find bright, colorful pictures that make you feel fantastic or get you considering about what life could be like if it were you in that picture. try to minimize the key phrases that you simply cut out.

3.Deside the design of your dream board. You can contain sections like your life vision, including your relationships, personal growth, health and fitness, finance and money, etc. If you are a business owner you can make a business vision board including your office, staff, bank account, client results, products, retirement, accolades, philanthropy efforts, etc.

4. Once you’ve determined your design, cover the back again of the pictures with glue stick and press them onto the board. make sure the edges are glued down firmly. Use glitter glue to outline your pictures and weave them together, or make designs for example hearts and flowers. You can also matte frame your desire board when it is done.

5. Place your desire board in a location where you’ll watch it often (the refrigerator, your office or even the inside of a closet door should you don’t want pryingeye balls to see it). each time you look at it, your subconscious mind would be “vibing” on the pictures and working to create far more of individuals traits or experiences in your life!

However, the law of attraction is not a panacea. Even though you have strong wills and attracts the opportunities that you want, you ll still get nothing when you do nothing. Turn the thoughts into actions, and you ll find how things changes.

About the Author: Sporting is an important part of life. Choosing the right products can protect your from injuries. There are various options for you on


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Dow Jones Gold Ratio: Making Money From This All Important Indicator

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Submitted by: Michael Lombardi

If you are a stock market investor or a gold investor, or both, today s PROFIT CONFIDENTIAL is a must-read. Why? Because, by the time you are finished reading this issue, you could very well be convinced long-term that the stock market is going down and gold is going up. And you can make a lot of money from these moves.

Let s start with the important numbers all investors should be aware of:

Stock history first: The Dow Jones Industrial Average opened the year 2000 at 10,786. The same index ended 2010 at 11,577.50. In a nutshell, if you were an investor in the Dow Jones Industrial Average, your capital gain appreciation over the past 11 years would have been a paltry 7.3%. (No wonder we have always preferred micro-cap stocks, penny stocks and small-cap stocks!)

Gold history now: At the beginning of the year 2000, gold bullion was trading at $280.00 per ounce. Gold bullion closed out 2010 at $1,422 per ounce a gain of 407% in 11 years.

Now, let s pretend you can t buy the stocks that comprise the Dow Jones Industrial Average in U.S. dollars, but you can only buy them with gold bullion. Taking the numbers above, in 2000, it would have taken 38.5 ounces of gold to buy the Dow Jones Industrial Average. At the end of 2010, it would have taken only 8.2 ounces of gold to buy the Dow Jones Industrial Average. In other words, when measured in gold and not dollars, the value of the 30 big stocks that make up the Dow Jones Industrials has plummeted over the past decade.

Now, when we look back at almost a century of data in respect to the relationship between gold bullion and the Dow Jones Industrials (often referred to as the Dow Jones Gold Ratio), it gets really interesting.

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In the period from 1930 to 1949, a 19-year span, the price of the Dow Jones Industrial Average measured in gold bullion was under 5.0 (during that 19-year period it would have taken less than five ounces of gold to figuratively buy the Dow Jones Industrial Averages index).

In the period from 1974 to 1989, a 15-year span, the price of the Dow Jones Industrial Average measured in gold bullion was under 5.0 again.

As I started writing years ago, with the sharp rise in the price of gold since the year 2000, I believe we are entering another multi-year period where it will cost less than five ounces of gold to buy the Dow Jones Industrial Average. To see that happen, the price of gold needs to rise sharply, or the stock market has to come down, or both events need to occur.

Now the scary part: over the last century there have been three times when only one ounce of gold could buy the Dow Jones Industrial Average. If we are headed close to that level again (which I believe we are), fortunes will be made over the next few years on the long side of gold and short side of stocks.

Michael s Personal Notes:

Words of wisdom from our esteemed technical analyst, Anthony Jasansky, P. Eng., on President Obama inadvertently putting the brakes on the stock market rally:

Money talks and it has been talking very loud after Uncle Ben started the money printing presses at the old Fed in late 2008. He was so impressed by the results of the magical out-of-thin air creation of $1.75 trillion dubbed ingeniously as quantitative easing (QE) that, in the fall of 2010, he cranked up the printing presses again, launching the $600-billion QE2.

Though these two huge money injections have been credited with reversing financial and economic calamity, they still fell short on some important fronts. Among the notable failings of QE are the anemic recovery in GDP, lack of growth in employment, continued weakness in residential and commercial real estate, the battered U.S. dollar, and unexpectedly higher yields of long-term treasuries and bonds.

When recently questioned on the effectiveness of QE, the Fed s chairman has pointed to the strong stock market as one important benefit. Without missing a beat, the U.S. President in his January 25 State of the Union speech mentioned the recovery in the stock market as being the result of government actions to prevent a depression. Knowing how perverse the market can be, Obama s bullish assertion may turn out be a timely signal for the stocks to take a deep breather.

Where the Market Stands; Where it s Headed:

Could the bear market rally in stocks be over? After all, the Dow Jones Industrials suddenly fell 166 points on Friday. Last Friday was a wake-up call for investors and traders getting too cocky with this market. Stocks do not go up in a straight line week after week (as has been the case for most of December 2010 and this January).

While I need to see more action from the stock market before I throw in the towel on the bear market rally that started in March of 2009, I doubt the rally is over. This week opens with the Dow Jones Industrial Average up 2.1% for 2011.

What He Said:

Home sales down 8.4%, could be the bottom, read the headline in last Friday s USA Today. What do they know that I don t? They know what realtors and their associations tell them and that s about it. Unfortunately, the real estate news is predominately written by reporters not real estate investors with years of experience to share. The hard facts about the real estate market in the U.S. are truly scary. How can the U.S. economy escape the hard landing in U.S. home prices? As we ll soon find out, it simply can t! Michael Lombardi in PROFIT CONFIDENTIAL, January 31, 2007. While the popular media was predicting a bottoming of the real estate market in 2007, Michael was preparing his readers for the worst of times ahead.

About the Author: Read more on:


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First Aid For South African Hikers Treatment Of Snake Bites

By Gerald Crawford Stellenbosch

Only 10% of South African snakes are venomous (I am not sure of the proportion in other countries), the younger snakes having a higher concentration of venom that the adult snakes. Snakes have either teeth or fangs. Fangs can either be found in the back of the mouth or in the front, and can either inject the venom into your skin or squirt it into your eyes. Problems that you will face are:

Can you identify the snake? Most people cannot.

Is the snake venomous? This can only be known by the identity of the snake.

If the snake is venomous, what type of venom was injected into you? Once again, the identity of the snake will solve this one.

How long will you live for? That depends on how old the snake was, how much venom was actually injected and the concentration of the venom.


Cobras and Mambas inject Neurotoxic venom which will affect the nervous system and cause initial muscle weakness, blurred vision, difficulty in swallowing and breathing and eventually paralysis.

Adders inject Cytotoxic venom which will cause massive swelling and bruising to the area that was bitten, and could eventually burst the skin open.

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Boomslange and Vine Snakes inject Haemotoxic venom which destroys the platelets in the blood and causes major internal bleeding in the lungs, liver, kidneys, spleen etc., and blood will also leak out of all orifices in your body, including minor wounds and bruises.

Berg Adders are highly dangerous as they inject both Neurotoxic and Cytotoxic venom into you.


What NOT to do:

Do not panic and run around as this will increase the blood circulation and transport the venom quicker around the body.

Do not make a tourniquet (this means to tie a cloth tightly around the arm or leg) as this will kill the arm or leg below it and it might have to be amputated later, as well as concentrate the venom (if it was a venomous bite) in the area and kill that body part off quicker.

Do not cut and try to suck out the venom as we see them do in cowboy movies, as the venom will still get absorbed into your blood stream through your gums and cheeks.

What TO do:

Do loosen the clothing, reassure the patient, and keep him calm and quiet.

Do dress the wound with a bandage and keep it cool (in the shade). This will stop your blood vessels dilating and decrease the blood flow in that area.

Do watch the patient carefully, if he loses consciousness, apply the ABC’s (see below).

The ABC’s (these three things are useful to remember in the majority of first aid situations):

A = Airways, tilt his neck backwards to get the tongue away from the back of his throat and stop him from choking on it. Do not put a blanket or anything under his head.

B = Breathing, look, listen and feel to check if he is still breathing. If he has stopped breathing, give him one breath every five seconds.

C = Circulation, check his pulse in his neck, on either side of his windpipe, or listen for a heartbeat by putting your ear next to his chest.

Once the situation has been assessed, then get help as quickly as possible. He would need to get to hospital soon. In hospital, if the snake is unknown, they would treat the patient symptomatically, that is, they would put him on a breathing machine if he stops breathing, give antibiotics if he shows signs of infection, etc.

Most people that get brought to hospital for snake bites, don’t know much about the snake, so the practice of giving the patient an anti-venom is only done is certain cases . (Besides, anti-venom is only housed in Cape Town and Pretoria, so anyone hiking in the Drakensberg – South Africa – and that gets bitten by a snake, will probably get brought to a Durban hospital, hence the symptomatic treatment which is given – this applies to South Africa).

About the Author: Gerald Crawford: born in South Africa, studied electronics, telecommunication, eco-travel and african travel concepts. He taught responsible tourism in South Africa and the United Kingdom. If you have any questions or comments please e-mail me on. E-mail Address: Website Address: If you have any questions or comments please e-mail me on or call me on +27-0720390184.


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